Dr. Sun Yat-sen’s Mausoleum is the tomb of Dr. Sun Yat-sen and is regarded as a masterpiece among all buildings of the former Republic of China. Nearby the mausoleum, there are the Music Stage, the Liuhui Waterside Pavilion, the Sutra Depository and other auxiliary memorial buildings.
2. The Memorial Hall of the Nanjing Massacre by Chinese Invaders
The Memorial Hall of the Victims in Nanjing Massacre by Japanese Invaders is a thematic memorial hall built on the site of Jiangdong Gate mass murder in the Nanjing Massacre, which was officially opened to the public on August 15, 1985. After more than 30 years of construction and development, it has grown into a "National First-Class Museum" with high international visibility.
The Nanjing City Wall surrounded Nanjing when the city was the capital of China's early Ming Dynasty. It was constructed in the mid-to-late 14th century.Millions of workers participated in its construction, which lasted for 28 years. The wall was composed of four parts: the palace city wall, the imperial city wall, the inner-city wall, and the outer city wall. Among them, the palace city wall was later used as a prototype for the Forbidden City. The inner-city wall has 13 gates and is 35.267 km long. Today, 25.091 km remain. It is the longest masonry city wall in the world that is still standing. The outer city wall has 18 gates with a length of 60 kilometers, of which, 45 km remain. The area encircled by the outer city walls reaches up to 230 km². The Nanjing City Wall ranks first among the world's city walls in terms of both length and size, whether historically or in the contemporary era.
Xuanwu Lake Scenic Area, is an important part of Zhongshan Mountain Scenic Area, an AAAA National Tourist Attraction, a national key park, and a National Water Scenic Area. It is confirmed by archaeology that Xuanwu Lake is a part of the ancient channel of the Yangtze River. Since the pre-Qin period, Xuanwu Lake has up to 20 names, including "Sangbo", "Houhu Lake", "Beihu Lake", "Taiye Lake" and "Kunming Lake". The name "Xuanwu Lake" was fist used in the 23rd year of Yuanjia Period under the regime of Emperor Wen of the Southern Dynasty (446).
Xuanwu Lake Scenic Area is located in the main city of Nanjing, with the integration of human heritage and natural landscape. During the Six Dynasties, it was a royal garden and lake, and during the Ming Dynasty, it was a national Huangce archive, and now it is known as the "Pearl of Jinling". The total area of the scenic spot is 5.13 square kilometers, of which the lake area is 3.78 square kilometers and the land area is 1.35 square kilometers. Xuanwu Lake is composed of "five islands", "one garden" and "one road". The five islands are connected by bridges and embankments, which is quite unique.